OHSAS 18001:2007 is International Standard for Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. It specifies the control of risks and improve performance in the element of OH&S which comprised of policies, processes, plans, practices, and records that define the rules governing how organization shall manage occupational health and safety.
Managing OH&S and preventing injuries in the workplace are among the most critical challenges today. By compliant to OHSAS 18001, an organization safeguards its employers, employees, suppliers and customers from risk related to OH&S. It emphasizes on the proactive and preventative risk-control factors by monitoring, identifying and assessing the element and severity of hazards in the organization. After all it is a comprehensive system ensuring health and safety in the workplace.
BSI introduced the first OHSAS standard in 1999.BSI 8800 provided guidelines for the version OHSAS 18001:1999 outlines the prerequisites for any occupational health and safety management system. It aids an institution to control risks to enhance performance. BS OHSAS 18001 was updated in July 2007 in particular to better reflect ILO-OSH guidelines and additionally, the "health" component of "health and safety" was given greater emphasis.
OHSAS 18001 primarily focuses on the occupational risk while the ISO 45001 focuses on risk and opportunities. OHSAS 18001 has been replaced by ISO 45001 the new international standard for occupational health and safety management. Organizations that already certified to OHSAS 18001 must migrate to ISO 45001:2018 by September 2021, a 6-month extension due to the Coronavirus pandemic.
Occupational health and safety hazards getting more workplace attentions. OHSAS 18001 provides framework for organization to control its work-related health and safety hazards and improve their effectiveness, by planning, documenting and implementing a certifiable method for reducing and eliminating hazards in the workplace. Other reasons include: